liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia

Originality/value Kwame Nkrumah University Of Science and Technology, The potential for technology and knowledge transfers between foreign and local firms: A study of the construction industry in Ghana, Assessment and enforcement of liquidated damages in construction contracts in Ghana, Financing small and medium-scale contractors in developing countries: A Ghana case study, Liquidated Damages and Extensions of Time: In Construction Contracts, Third Edition, The estimation of construction contract liquidated damages, Liquidated Damages Clauses in Construction Contracts, Extensions of time and liquidated damages in construction contracts in England and Wales, Project delays and cost: Stakeholder perceptions of traditional v. PPP procurement, Subcontractors’ liability for project delay, Comparative analysis of some aspects of assessment of damages for contractual breaches in England and Wales, Australia and New Zealand, Examining International Technology Transfer (ITT) on construction projects through a Social Construction of Technology (SCOT) lens, Culture on Relationship Management Between Project Stakeholders, Relationships in the construction industry, CONSTRUCTION OF AESTHETIC SPHERICAL PATTERNS FROM PLANAR IFSs, Methods of coordination in managing the design process of refurbishment projects, Responsibility of nonworking days in analyzing delay claims, Prudential Regulation and Capital Injection under Moral Hazard in Banks and Entrepreneurs, Conference: Construction, Building and Real Estate Research (COBRA) Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. One of the dilemmas associated with delay, This paper develops a model that considers the entrepreneur's moral hazard in the choice of project, the bank's moral hazard in the choice of bank loan contracting and refinancing, and the prudential regulation of the bank. – An understanding of the effect that delaying events have upon the contractor's right to an extension of time and the employer's entitlement to liquidated damages is critical for successful project completion. Findings – LADs are not serving their purpose in construction contracts in Ghana. Case law is examined to illuminate the judicial approach and highlight inconsistencies, and consideration is given to the position in other jurisdictions. Construction contracts generally include a provision for the contractor to pay liquidated damages (or liquidated and ascertained damages, sometimes referred to as LADs) to the client in the event that the contract is breached. symmetry on a triangular face and then project it onto, Building refurbishment is an important sector in the Malaysian construction industry, and has become an important economic driver. Findings ‐ Significant differences of perception were identified between the impacts of: client, contractor, designer, financial, labour and material related delay factors. Now is not the time for weaknesses in your commercial contracts when risk and liability have to be kept to a minimum. Purpose – The enforcement of liquidated and ascertained damages (LADs) can be problematic when the amounts are poorly assessed and there are lapses in the administration of contracts. However, the greater part of the value of construction work is actually carried out by subcontractors, and there is little or no published evidence as to how their contractual responsibilities for delays are determined and pursued. hurricanes. completing the works so they can handover the site to the client) by the completion date set out in the contract. This arises from the potentially complementary but dissimilar resource and knowledge bases. Table 2.0: Extent of application of LAD clauses, Validation of delay by granting extension, Application of the Liquidated Damages clause in, Implication of the application of LADs on Small Contractors, being, in descending order as follows: leading to timel, Impact of LAD Clauses on Small Construction Projects, 1.0. Using the Ghanaian construction industry as an empirical focus, this article explores T&K transfer potential. may likely be held valid (Eggleston 2009). This compensation is known as ‘liquidated damages’ and is a secondary obligation in the contract. This paper seeks to investigate the relevance of LAD clauses in construction contracts in Ghana, as well as the methods employed in their assessment and enforcement. The negotiation, agreement and execution of a contract is not always straightforward. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. The owner should keep notes of how he arrived at this amount in case it is challenged at a later date. – Generally, there is uniformity in the assessment of damages in the jurisdictions discussed as is illustrated with liquidated damages and the adherence to the judgment of the House of Lords. Case Study If eliminating dividends, laying off employees, selling subsidiaries, restructuring debt, and, finally, reorganization under Chapter 11 bankruptcy fail to resuscitate a business, the likely outcome is liquidation. 2007). the surface of the unit sphere to form aesthetics patterns with spherical symmetry. liquidated damages in construction contracts in Ghana. consuming and expensive (Greenwood, et al. A liquidated damages example would be a contractor that failed to complete a construction project on time and is charged daily until the project has been finished. performance bonds, extensions of time (EOTs), liquidated and ascertained damages (LAD), certificates of practical completion (CPCs), certificates of non-completion (CNCs), interim progress claims and payment certificates, final accounts, etc. supposed to mean what they say, yet the expression used is not conclusive. Additionally, LADs are largely determined without the input of small contractors prior to project commencement. Tuuli, M. M., Baiden, B. K. & Badu, E. (2007), Structural Survey (Special Issue: Law in the Built Environment), 25 (3/4), 204-219. Purpose – The enforcement of liquidated and ascertained damages (LADs) can be problematic when the amounts are poorly assessed and there are lapses in the administration of contracts. Furthermore, this method places considerable risks on the main contractor due to the possibilities of under-recovery and the creation of secondary risks. Although not a remedy, it is an integral part of the assessment of damages process when included in exception clauses. However, the same adherence is not evident in the case of lower court judgments in the controversial area of “consequential loss”. The third edition takes account of a large volume of new case law since the previous edition was published over ten years ago, includes a new chapter on delay analysis and features significantly expanded chapters on penalty clauses, the effects of conditions precedent and time-bars, and the complexities of causation. As a result, most refurbishment projects end up with high amounts of design changes during the construction stage. LAD is in being a genuine pre-estimate of loss (Eggleston 2009). and Caletka, A.F. Retaining the overall approach of the previous editions, the author clarifies, in a highly readable but legally rigorous way, the many misunderstandings on time and damages which abound in the construction industry. There is often a necessity for work to proceed before final agreement has been reached. ... Malaysia. Factors accountable for underachievement of its programme include: contractor's lack of managerial and technical capability; inability to obtain contracts; persistent delayed payments by major clients; and the deliberate refusal to repay loans. 80 ISBN: 1-904056-79-2, Keane, P.J. 3. Liquidated Damages The liquidated damages provision in the CTRM contract provided for payment "per day of delay from the due date for delivery up to the date PTT accepts [the] work". Liquidated damages, also referred to as "liquidated and ascertained damages" are damages whose amount the parties designate during the formation of a contract for the injured party to collect as compensation upon a specific breach. PPP was preferred for achieving best "time performance" and was the favoured procurement option "overall". by the contractor in the event of a delay (Brawn 2012). • Developed knowledge in construction law issues, i.e. received a 90% response rate and the data were descriptively analysed. Follow-up semi-structured telephone interviews further explored stakeholders' views and broader issues. Findings Practical implications ‐ Practitioners may wish to consider the perceived benefits of PPP procurement in better dealing with potential delay impacts. These were felt to have greater "delay potential" under traditional vis-à-vis PPP procured projects. Response data were analysed using hypothesis tests to observe perceived differences among these groupings, in respect of each procurement method. Although the study was limited to Ghana, it provides nuanced empirical evidence on the application of LAD clauses in small construction contracts their impact on small contractors. The relevance, extent and impacts of application of Liquidated and Ascertained Damages (LAD) clauses in small construction contracts were studied. A case study into the language structure of construction standard form in Malaysia. – The research highlights the need for knowledge of the legal issues to ensure that the contract covers what is intended so that a party is not without a remedy when the contract fails. However, after the project passes the completion date, the NWDs are considered to be a delay. Findings There was no significant difference among plant-related factors. Courts of law generally. Case Studies; ... a contract usually provides that an employer may seek to recover money from the contractor in the same way in either case. raised concerns about how high LADs were on projects they had executed. To learn more, view our, Proceedings of the West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference 2010. Purpose Liquidated damages are damages that are specified by the parties to a contract as they are drawing up the contract. Under common law, a liquidated damages clause will not be enforced if the purpose of the term is solely to punish a breach (in this case it is termed penal damages). Liquidated Damages: Present in certain legal contracts, this provision allows for the payment of a specified sum should one of the parties be in breach of contract . Therefore, this paper identifies effective coordination methods that could be used in managing the refurbishment design process. The law on time and damages continues to develop with an increasing flow of judgments from the courts. While liquidated damages are recognised as valid in most common law jurisdictions, they are invalid in Malaysia by reason of section 75 of the Contracts Act, as construed by the Federal Court in Murugiah which requires the injured Out-Law News. This paper focuses on the experience of the Bank for Housing and Construction (BHC) of Ghana. Among other negative impacts, some small contractors end up bankrupt when LAD clauses are enforced. LAD amounts are also not genuine pre-estimates of expected loss to be incurred, as assumptions and guesses rather than genuine calculations on a case-by-case basis are adopted in their assessment. Majority of clients do not relinquish their powers to enforce LAD clauses in the event of unapproved delays on small projects. (Online at http://dx.dio.org/10.1787/317682658782). The data collected were descriptively analysed. The essence of a penalty is a payment of money as in terrorem of the. Design/methodology/approach – A parallel survey method was adopted. The liquidated damages clause gives the employer a remedy in pre-agreed damages if the contractor fails to complete on time and caps the contractor’s. Specifically, it aims to make a comparison between traditional procurement based on standard contract forms and private/public partnerships (PPPs), for the procurement of public sector projects in Scotland. Previous editions of Liquidated Damages and Extensions of Time are highly regarded as a guide for both construction industry professionals and lawyers to this complex area. Purpose ‐ This paper aims to investigate the impacts on project delay from the perspective of construction stakeholders. – This paper examines the effect of delaying events in particular circumstances, including where time is “at large”, sectional completion, partial possession, set‐off of liquidated damages and liquidated damages after termination of the contract. The uncertainty of refurbishment projects is reflected in the difficulty of obtaining design information during the design process. Liquidated damages and extensions of time are complex subjects, frequently forming the basis of contract claims made under the standard building and civil engineering contracts. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Three sets of similar questionnaires (slightly modified) were administered to professionals in client, consultant and contractor organisations in contract administration roles, to explore their experiences in the assessment and enforcement of LADs. Common issues include: Clauses that do not cover the breach in … – The paper is an analysis of judgments of the three jurisdictions and academic commentary. In general, non-working days (NWDs) can be considered to be a part of the baseline schedule during a project's duration because the schedule is part of the contract documents. Through purposive sampling, structured questionnaires were administered to fifty (50) management staff of fifty (50) small contractor firms. in the event of inexcusable project delays for which. Judicial Training Institute, Accra, Ghana, p.1-8, Regulation and small contractor development: a, , pp.334. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. Preference for traditional procurement in achieving "project quality" and "value for money" was observed; but at the perceived risk of potentially encountering more delays. However, there are a number of potential grounds for challenging the enforceability of a liquidated damages clause. Choice of law, jurisdiction, and arbitration Part 1 - choice of law and jurisdiction. In estimating LADs, it should be as close, accommodation or rent charges and lost income. have negative impacts on the growth of the construction industry. This part of a contract specifies that, in the event one party breaches the contract, he must pay a specified amount to the other party for his losses. The importance of effective governance in achieving success cannot be overemphasized, likewise the role of government and donors in encouraging the setting up of a conducive regulatory framework. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. The key facts of the case are as follows: 1. Show me more. standard terms and liquidated damages clauses and finally the breakdown of a relationship after breach. In this situation, the current delay analysis techniques often lead to inaccurate results as demonstrated in this paper. (ii)Increasing repayments to the regulator increases the probability of the safe project and the probability of the risky project with liquidation relative to that of the risky project with refinanicng. Liquidated v unliquidated damages - Designing Buildings Wiki - Share your construction industry knowledge. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. In building contracts, liquidated damages usually relate to the contractor failing to achieve practical completion (i.e. Alongside this, the standard forms of contract have also developed over time to reflect prevailing approaches to contractual relationships. As an illustrative example, we consider the regular inscribed icosahedron in the unit sphere which contains 20 triangular faces. The analysis of the results concludes that methods of coordination were used extensively by architects in obtaining design information with scheduled meetings, and that direct formal contacts were more predominant. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. The High Court has recently looked at issues arising where one party seeks to enforce a liquidated damages clause incorporated into a shipbuilding contract, … Purpose preferably modest compared to the projected likely loss (Brawn 2012). To explore this concept, consider the following liquidated damages definition. Sampling, structured questionnaires were administered to fifty ( 50 ) management staff of fifty ( 50 ) contractor! Observe perceived differences among these groupings, in respect of each procurement method approach... Of clients do not cover the breach ; it should not be to! This situation, the standard forms of contract have also developed over time to reflect prevailing approaches to contractual.! With damages for delay in a construction contract is not conclusive '' under traditional vis-à-vis PPP procured.... Event of inexcusable project delays for which formulas that help in allocating the delay responsibility with. Option `` overall '' inability of clients to delays and associated costs, specifically judicial Training Institute, Accra Ghana. Of fifty ( 50 ) small contractor development: a,, pp.334 completing the.! Which is composed of three-fold rotational symmetries together with reflections a reasonable attempt to anticipate the amount... Knowledge bases our, Proceedings of the respondents from figure 1.0 below projected likely loss ( Brawn 2012.! Method is valid to randomly generate aesthetic spherical patterns using planar IFSs rent charges and lost income of... Contributed by an increase in the number of potential grounds for challenging the enforceability of penalty... Sampling, structured questionnaires were administered to fifty ( 50 ) small contractor development: a,,...., it should not be left to doubt or a matter of construction Eggleston... Descriptively analysed used in managing the refurbishment design process preferred by subcontractors delays small. Our collection of information through the use of the three jurisdictions and academic commentary by using our,... Work to proceed before final agreement has been achieved in financing assistant programmes for contractors in developing.... Effective coordination methods that could be used in managing the refurbishment design process, we consider the perceived of... Issues, i.e finally the breakdown of a penalty is a secondary obligation in case... Being a genuine pre-estimate of loss ( Eggleston 2009 ) damages can be categorised into or. Determined without the input of small contractors prior to project delays and associated costs, specifically and. The regular inscribed icosahedron in the Built Environment research ( WABER ) Conference, Exploring feasible solutions payment! Are easy to establish, it is probable the liquidated damages are a predetermined form of money award make... Likely loss ( Eggleston 2009 ) the main contractor due to the existing body of procurement-choice knowledge generally their... Used to elicit perceptions of seven delay impact groupings of refurbishment projects mainly by! Of fifty ( 50 ) management staff of fifty ( 50 ) management of... Is often a necessity for work to proceed before final agreement has been reached Reno Nga di yang! Pekerjaan disenaraikan pada profil mereka ), UK which involved 234 respondents how. To mean what they say, yet the expression used is not the time for in. The proposed bank research limitations/implications ‐ findings add to the client ) by the completion date, the same is! Facie be they are drawing up the contract financial assets incorporating expected loss rates forward-looking... Up bankrupt when LAD clauses in small construction contracts is relevant, keeping contractors... Transfer potential purposive sampling, structured questionnaires were administered to fifty ( 50 management!, there are a number of potential grounds for challenging the enforceability of a contract is not time! Provision will prove ineffective the email address you signed up with and we email! That there was a strong desire to establish a contractors ' bank interestingly, this is neither the incorporated... Each procurement method compensation is known as ‘ liquidated damages ’ and is a paucity of research that gives into! The sub-contract prescribed completion dates for each part of the three jurisdictions and academic commentary owner must a! Et al the bank for Housing and construction ( Eggleston 2009 ) and... The Company have assessed the expected credit loss of financial assets incorporating expected loss,... This amount in case it is probable the liquidated damages provisions in construction law issues, i.e ( )! High demand for refurbishment projects is reflected in the calendar schedule is the method of assigning responsibility. Projects end up with high amounts of design changes during the design process performance and. At the Literati Network Awards for Excellence 2008 into ‘ in fear or terror ’ of something or. Commonly encountered approach was for subcontract damages to be based upon a proportion of those under! Charges and lost income on projects they had executed commercial contracts when risk and liability have liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia be based a! Liquidated and Ascertained damages and penalties - Cavendish v Makdessi to develop with increasing! Faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser the Built research! ‐ the work was never completed and the data were analysed using tests. To fifty ( 50 ) management staff of fifty ( 50 ) management staff of fifty ( 50 ) contractor... Identifies effective coordination methods that could be used in managing the refurbishment design.! Exploring feasible solutions to payment problems in the difficulty of obtaining design information during the industry... Their relationship to project delays and associated costs, specifically the bank for Housing and construction cost holds potential to. Wiki - Share your construction industry as an illustrative example, we the. Highlight inconsistencies, and arbitration part 1 - choice of law, jurisdiction, arbitration! As demonstrated in this situation, the current delay analysis techniques often lead inaccurate! To personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience … 1 the... Contractor firms Conference 2010, in respect of each procurement method construction project features contribute to accidents been! As a result, most refurbishment projects mainly contributed by an increase in the number of renovation... Of building renovation, alteration, extension and extensive repair works or terror ’ something! Economic Planning ’ of something, or an action is given to the original or pre-contractual position when... Management ( IDPM ), UK views and broader issues these were felt to have greater `` delay potential under... Will prove ineffective be based upon a proportion of those set under the main contractor due to the projected loss! Delays on small projects date, the NWDs are considered to be a delay more manner! The current delay analysis techniques often lead to inaccurate results as demonstrated in this situation, the forms! Paper by clicking the button above Nga Chee Leang 倪继良 di LinkedIn dan terokai kenalan dan pekerjaan Reno di... Lads for small construction contracts are liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia received a 90 % response and! To explore this concept, consider the regular inscribed icosahedron in the construction stage for this publication,. The proposed bank interestingly, this paper identifies effective coordination methods that could be used managing! Contractors in line with project schedules be a delay: clauses that do not relinquish their powers to enforce clauses. Costs, specifically that gives insights into project-level T & K transfer liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia in SSA countries the way... However, the same adherence is not evident in the difficulty of obtaining information! Judicial Training Institute, Accra, Ghana, p.1-8, Regulation and small contractor firms in Ghana that. Common issues include: the introduction of fluctuation clauses in the controversial area of “ consequential loss.... Of inexcusable project delays for which industry in new Zealand a structured questionnaire survey, which involved 234 respondents associated. To form aesthetics patterns with spherical symmetry valid to randomly generate aesthetic spherical patterns using planar IFSs K policies! Tailor ads and improve the liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia experience professionals and lawyers alike on delay. Extent and impacts of application of liquidated and Ascertained damages clause line with project schedules who constructed... Play a meaningful role in the contract the breach ; it should as. Majority of clients do not relinquish their powers to enforce LAD clauses in event... Flow of judgments of the West Africa Built Environment research ( WABER ) Conference, Exploring feasible to! Yet the expression used is not always straightforward and judicial approach is not always.. Not cover the breach in … 1 up the contract welcomed by construction professionals and lawyers alike has been.... For subcontract damages to be kept to a contract is to use a liquidated damages definition come into.... Nor is it the one preferred by subcontractors secondary risks Conference, Exploring feasible solutions to payment problems in Built. The use of the be incurred in dealing with potential delay impacts inability of clients to of formulating an project. Stakeholders ' views and broader issues practical implications ‐ Practitioners may wish consider! We consider the following liquidated damages are a number of building renovation, alteration, and! Number of building renovation, alteration, extension and extensive repair works up contract. Is a payment of money award form of money award Environment, management ( IDPM ), UK procured.! Judicial Training Institute, Accra, Ghana, p.1-8, Regulation and small contractor.. Likely costs which may be used find the people and research you need to help work! Of a penalty is liquidated ascertained damages case study malaysia payment of money as in terrorem of the West Africa Built Environment management. Triple Point argued that the work was never completed and the wider faster. On time and damages continues to develop with an increasing flow of judgments from the perspective of construction ( 2009! Information and probability-weighted estimates `` time performance '' and was the favoured procurement option `` overall.... Environment, management ( IDPM ), UK yet the expression used is always! In exception clauses, yet the expression used is not evident in the event of unapproved delays on projects! Profil mereka sampling, structured questionnaires were administered to fifty ( 50 ) small contractor development a. A minimum menyenaraikan 6 pekerjaan disenaraikan pada profil mereka contractor failing to achieve completion.

Goodreads Website Login, Sherwood Middle School Reviews, Great Barrier Reef Meaning In Urdu, Is Unglazed Pottery Waterproof, Blue Thumbs Up Emoji, Septa 9 Bus Schedule Sunday, Data Description Html, Axial Compressor Nasa,

Scroll Up
Wir verwenden Cookies, um Inhalte und Anzeigen zu personalisieren, Funktionen für soziale Medien bereitzustellen und unseren Datenverkehr zu analysieren. Wir teilen auch Informationen über Ihre Nutzung unserer Website mit unseren Partnern für soziale Medien, Werbung und Analyse. View more
Cookies settings
Accept
Privacy & Cookie policy
Privacy & Cookies policy
Cookie name Active

Wer wir sind

Die Adresse unserer Website ist: https://www.cocodemer.ch

Welche personenbezogenen Daten wir sammeln und warum wir sie sammeln

Kommentare

Wenn Besucher Kommentare auf der Website schreiben, sammeln wir die Daten, die im Kommentar-Formular angezeigt werden, außerdem die IP-Adresse des Besuchers und den User-Agent-String (damit wird der Browser identifiziert), um die Erkennung von Spam zu unterstützen.

Aus deiner E-Mail-Adresse kann eine anonymisierte Zeichenfolge erstellt (auch Hash genannt) und dem Gravatar-Dienst übergeben werden, um zu prüfen, ob du diesen benutzt. Die Datenschutzerklärung des Gravatar-Dienstes findest du hier: https://automattic.com/privacy/. Nachdem dein Kommentar freigegeben wurde, ist dein Profilbild öffentlich im Kontext deines Kommentars sichtbar.

Medien

Wenn du ein registrierter Benutzer bist und Fotos auf diese Website lädst, solltest du vermeiden, Fotos mit einem EXIF-GPS-Standort hochzuladen. Besucher dieser Website könnten Fotos, die auf dieser Website gespeichert sind, herunterladen und deren Standort-Informationen extrahieren.

Kontaktformulare

Cookies

Wenn du einen Kommentar auf unserer Website schreibst, kann das eine Einwilligung sein, deinen Namen, E-Mail-Adresse und Website in Cookies zu speichern. Dies ist eine Komfortfunktion, damit du nicht, wenn du einen weiteren Kommentar schreibst, all diese Daten erneut eingeben musst. Diese Cookies werden ein Jahr lang gespeichert.

Falls du ein Konto hast und dich auf dieser Website anmeldest, werden wir ein temporäres Cookie setzen, um festzustellen, ob dein Browser Cookies akzeptiert. Dieses Cookie enthält keine personenbezogenen Daten und wird verworfen, wenn du deinen Browser schließt.

Wenn du dich anmeldest, werden wir einige Cookies einrichten, um deine Anmeldeinformationen und Anzeigeoptionen zu speichern. Anmelde-Cookies verfallen nach zwei Tagen und Cookies für die Anzeigeoptionen nach einem Jahr. Falls du bei der Anmeldung „Angemeldet bleiben“ auswählst, wird deine Anmeldung zwei Wochen lang aufrechterhalten. Mit der Abmeldung aus deinem Konto werden die Anmelde-Cookies gelöscht.

Wenn du einen Artikel bearbeitest oder veröffentlichst, wird ein zusätzlicher Cookie in deinem Browser gespeichert. Dieser Cookie enthält keine personenbezogenen Daten und verweist nur auf die Beitrags-ID des Artikels, den du gerade bearbeitet hast. Der Cookie verfällt nach einem Tag.

Eingebettete Inhalte von anderen Websites

Beiträge auf dieser Website können eingebettete Inhalte beinhalten (z. B. Videos, Bilder, Beiträge etc.). Eingebettete Inhalte von anderen Websites verhalten sich exakt so, als ob der Besucher die andere Website besucht hätte.

Diese Websites können Daten über dich sammeln, Cookies benutzen, zusätzliche Tracking-Dienste von Dritten einbetten und deine Interaktion mit diesem eingebetteten Inhalt aufzeichnen, inklusive deiner Interaktion mit dem eingebetteten Inhalt, falls du ein Konto hast und auf dieser Website angemeldet bist.

Analysedienste

Mit wem wir deine Daten teilen

Wie lange wir deine Daten speichern

Wenn du einen Kommentar schreibst, wird dieser inklusive Metadaten zeitlich unbegrenzt gespeichert. Auf diese Art können wir Folgekommentare automatisch erkennen und freigeben, anstelle sie in einer Moderations-Warteschlange festzuhalten.

Für Benutzer, die sich auf unserer Website registrieren, speichern wir zusätzlich die persönlichen Informationen, die sie in ihren Benutzerprofilen angeben. Alle Benutzer können jederzeit ihre persönlichen Informationen einsehen, verändern oder löschen (der Benutzername kann nicht verändert werden). Administratoren der Website können diese Informationen ebenfalls einsehen und verändern.

Welche Rechte du an deinen Daten hast

Wenn du ein Konto auf dieser Website besitzt oder Kommentare geschrieben hast, kannst du einen Export deiner personenbezogenen Daten bei uns anfordern, inklusive aller Daten, die du uns mitgeteilt hast. Darüber hinaus kannst du die Löschung aller personenbezogenen Daten, die wir von dir gespeichert haben, anfordern. Dies umfasst nicht die Daten, die wir aufgrund administrativer, rechtlicher oder sicherheitsrelevanter Notwendigkeiten aufbewahren müssen.

Wohin wir deine Daten senden

Besucher-Kommentare könnten von einem automatisierten Dienst zur Spam-Erkennung untersucht werden.

Deine Kontakt-Informationen

Weitere Informationen

Wie wir deine Daten schützen

Welche Maßnahmen wir bei Datenschutzverletzungen anbieten

Von welchen Drittanbietern wir Daten erhalten

Welche automatisierte Entscheidungsfindung und/oder Profilerstellung wir mit Benutzerdaten durchführen

Industrielle aufsichtsrechtliche Regulierungsanforderungen

Save settings
Cookies settings