chlamydia trachomatis causes

Some of the other species can have a considerable impact on human health due to their known zoonotic transmission. DOI:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06194.x, Weir, E. (2004). PID is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tubes that causes … [34] Comparison of amino acid sequences reveals that MOMP contains four variable segments: S1,2 ,3 and 4. Women aged 15–19 have the highest prevalence, followed by women aged 20–24, although the rate of increase of diagnosis is greater for men than for women. Elementary bodies are spore-like and infectious, whereas reticulate bodies are the replicative stage and are seen only within host cells. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact. Trachoma interactive fact sheet.http://old.globalnetwork.org/sites/all/modules/ [29] This was a significant milestone because it became possible to preserve these agents which could then be used for future genomic and phylogenetic studies. [33] It is now known that C. trachomatis comprises 19 serovars which are identified by monoclonal antibodies that react to epitopes on the major outer-membrane protein (MOMP). What is Chlamydia? Fact: Chlamydia trachomatis, the bacteria that causes chlamydia infection, cannot survive outside the human body. [5] The reticulate body substantially modifies the inclusion, making it a more hospitable environment for rapid replication of the bacteria, which occurs over the following 30 to 72 hours. Mayo Clinic; 2019. Global Network for Neglected Tropical Diseases. [3], Most people infected with C. trachomatis are asymptomatic. Trachoma, Genital infections, Neonatal inclusion conjunctivitis, Infant pneumonia, Adult inclusion conjunctivitis, Reactive arthritis, Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). [30] Only a few "isolates" have been studied in detail, limiting the information that can be found on the evolutionary history of C. It cannot survive outside of a eukaryotic host. in 1957. It can cause cervicitis in women and urethritis and proctitis in both men and women. Most people who are infected have no symptoms. This genus contains a total of nine species: C. trachomatis, C. muridarum, C. pneumoniae, C. pecorum, C. suis, C. abortus, C. felis, C. caviae, and C. psittaci. The only true cure for this type of infection is antibiotics. Your doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic even if you have no symptoms. The disease is spread by oral, vaginal, or anal sex . Chlamydia are acquired by direct contact with mucous membranes or abraded skin. The closest relative to C. trachomatis is C. muridarum, which infects mice. Journal of General Microbiology, 136(8), 1559–1566. However, as of 2018, this is not a major cause of concern as antibiotic resistance is rare in C.trachomatis compared to other infectious bacteria. It can cause cervicitis in women and urethritis and proctitis in both men and women. Sexual contact includes kissing, oral-genital contact, and the use of sexu… Chlamydia is caused by a bacterial infection. This condition, known as trachoma, currently infects some 150 million people in the world. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(3), 445–453. Serovars L1 through L3 cause an invasive infection of the lymph nodes near the genitals, called lymphogranuloma venereum. Globally, it is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Molecular evolution of viruses: Past and present (4th ed.). Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestations of Chlamydia trachomatis. Chlamydia trachomatis, the bacteria that causes chlamydia, most often spreads through unprotected vaginal, oral, or anal sex. [3] If several elementary bodies have infected a single cell, their inclusions will fuse at this point to create a single large inclusion in the host cell. Make a donation. The most common strains cause disease in the genital tract, while other strains cause disease in the eye or lymph nodes. The isolation of C. trachomatis coined the term isolate to describe how C. trachomatis has been isolated from an in vivo setting into a "strain" in cell culture. 4th ed. Treatment depends on the infection site, age of the patient, and whether another infection is present. [12], Ocular infections take the form of inclusion conjunctivitis or trachoma, both in adults and children. Tests for Chlamydia can be ordered from a doctor, a lab or online.[21]. Like other Chlamydia species, the C. trachomatis life cycle consists of two morphologically distinct life stages: elementary bodies and reticulate bodies. It is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. [27][5] Thinking they had discovered a "mantled protozoan", they named the organism "Chlamydozoa" from the Greek "Chlamys" meaning mantle. Chlamydia, sometimes referred to as 'the clam' is among the most common sexually transmitted infections.It is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis). trachomatis. In both genders, chlamydia can lead to redness in the eyes as a result of contact with infected semen or vaginal discharge during sex. Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection with Chlamydia trachomatis. [5] Within the inclusion, C. trachomatis transforms into a larger, more metabolically active form called the reticulate body. [9] The recommended treatment consists of oral erythromycin base or ethylsuccinate 50 mg/kg/day divided into 4 doses daily for two weeks while monitoring for symptoms of infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS) in infants less than 6 weeks old. When left untreated, chlamydia can cause: Damage the sex organs. (Busacca 1935) Rake 1957 emend. In the case of a patient who is pregnant, the medications typically prescribed are azithromycin, amoxicillin, and erythromycin. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection caused by microorganisms called Chlamydia trachomatis. [8] Serovars D through K infect the genital tract, causing pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancies, and infertility. [3] From 24 to 72 hours after infection, reticulate bodies transition to elementary bodies which are released either by lysis of the host cell or extrusion of the entire inclusion into the host genital tract. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. This content does not have an Arabic version. Signs and symptoms of Chlamydia trachomatis infection can include: Chlamydia trachomatis can also infect the rectum, either with no signs or symptoms or with rectal pain, discharge or bleeding. Chlamydia infection can affect several organs, including the … C. psittaci causes psittacosis). DOI:10.1099/00221287-136-8-1559, Translocated actin-recruiting phosphoprotein, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8091/, "Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: an update", "Molecular genetic methods for diagnosis and characterisation of, "A Systematic Approach to the Diagnosis and Treatment of Chronic Conjunctivitis", "Ocular Chlamydia trachomatis infection: elimination with mass drug administration", "Recommendations for the Prevention and Management of Chlamydia trachomatis Infections, 1993", "Investigation on silent bacterial infections in specimens from pregnant women affected by spontaneous miscarriage", "Chlamydial Infections in Adolescents and Adults", "In vitro evaluation of activities of azithromycin, erythromycin, and tetracycline against Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia pneumoniae", "Molecular Mechanisms of Chlamydia trachomatis resistance to antimicrobial drugs", "Oral Chlamydia Home Testing, Symptoms and Treatment | myLAB Box™", "The natural history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in women: a multi-parameter evidence synthesis", "Immunoglobulin-Based Investigation of Spontaneous Resolution of Chlamydia trachomatis Infection", "Genital Chlamydia trachomatis: Understanding the Roles of Innate and Adaptive Immunity in Vaccine Research", "Oxidoreductase disulfide bond proteins DsbA and DsbB form an active redox pair in Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium with disulfide dependent infection and development", "Chlamydial infection. Early-stage Chlamydia trachomatis infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. Due to its significance to human health, C. trachomatis is the subject of research in laboratories around the world. DOI:10.1503/cmaj.1040286, Somboonna, N., Mead, S., Liu, J., & Dean, D. (2008). (1996). The frequency of C trachomatis infections in men may equal or exceed the frequency of gonorrhea. It is the most commonly reported bacterial infection in the United States and the most common sexually transmitted disease worldwide. In ocular infections, C. trachomatis can be p… This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. © 1998-2021 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Tetracycline is the most preferred antibiotic to treat C.trachomatis and has the highest success rate. Chlamydia trachomatis , commonly known as chlamydia, is a bacterium that causes chlamydia, which can manifest in various ways, including: trachoma, lymphogranuloma venereum, nongonococcal urethritis, cervicitis, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease. When symptoms do appear it can be several weeks after infection. [citation needed], Other research has been conducted to try to get a feel for how to create a vaccine against C. trachomatis, finding that it would be very difficult to create a fully effective or even partially effective vaccine since the host’s response to infection involves complex immunological pathways that must first be fully understood to ensure that adverse effects are avoided. [18] Despite amoxicillin having fewer side effects than the other medications for treating antenatal C. trachomatis infection, there have been concerns that pregnant women who take penicillin-class antibiotics can develop the persistence to chlamydia. DOI:10.3201/eid1403.071071, Hayes, L. J., Pickett, M. A., Conlan, J. W., Ferris, S., Everson, J. S., Ward, M. E., & Clarke, I. N. (1990). Different variants of the gene that encodes for MOMP, differentiate the genotypes of the different serovars. [4], Like other Chlamydia species, C. trachomatis has a life cycle consisting of two morphologically distinct forms. Chlamydia trachomatis or just C. trachomatis, is a gram-negative bacteria that strictly infects humans, and it’s divided into 15 serotypes, also known as serovars.. A serovar groups together bacteria with similar surface antigens, and so are likely to cause the same type of infection. Each year approximately 4 million new cases are reported in the United States and 50 million worldwide. [3] Chlamydial cells cannot carry out energy metabolism and they lack biosynthetic pathways. Etiology, transmission and protection: Chlamydia trachomatis is the leading cause of bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI) globally. [5] However, in 1966 electron microscopy studies showed C. trachomatis to be a bacterium. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Family Health Book, 5th Edition, Newsletter: Mayo Clinic Health Letter — Digital Edition, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, New Year Special -  40% off – Mayo Clinic Diet Online. Journal of Medical Virology. It causes an ocular infection called "trachoma," wh … sexually transmitted infection spread by having unprotected sex with someone infected with bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis [18], If treatment is necessary during pregnancy, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, tetracycline, and doxycycline are not prescribed. Chlamydia is a well known sexually transmitted disease that is often caused by Chlamydia Trachomatis, a special kind of bacterium leading to serious damage to reproductive system organs in the female body. [28] The bacterium is still classified as gram-negative, C. trachomatis agent was first cultured and isolated in the yolk sacs of eggs by Tang Fei-fan et al. Accessed Jan. 4, 2020. [4] Neither form is motile. The Chlamydia trachomatis bacterium is most commonly spread through vaginal, oral and anal sex. [3] In addition to the chromosome that contains most of the genome, nearly all C. trachomatis strains carry a 7.5 kilobase plasmid that contains 8 genes. [3] These effectors trigger the host cell to take up the elementary bodies and prevent the cell from triggering apoptosis. Chlamydia: CDC fact sheet (detailed). [citation needed]. In: Infectious Diseases. When C. trachomatis presents in the eye in the form of trachoma it begins by gradually thickening the eyelids, and eventually begins to pull the eyelashes into the eyelid. The disease may have been closely linked with humans and likely predated civilization. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Short of that, you can: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Early-stage Chlamydia trachomatis infections often cause few or no signs and symptoms. Fox, A., Rogers, J. C., Gilbart, J., Morgan, S., Davis, C. H., Knight, S., & Wyrick, P. B. Accessed February 6, 2011. Bleeding between periods and after sex in women, History of sexually transmitted infection. It's not difficult to treat, but if left untreated it can lead to more-serious health problems. Most strains of C. trachomatis are recognized by monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to epitopes in the VS4 region of MOMP. Infection and immunity, 58(3), 835–7. Trachoma: Leading cause of infectious blindness. Painful urination 2. Sexually transmitted disease caused by C. trachomatis is characterized primarily by nongonococcal urethritis (infection of the urethra) in males and females and epididymitis (infection of the epididymus) in males. See your doctor if you have a discharge from your vagina, penis or rectum, or if you have pain during urination. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Clarke, I. N. (2011). Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacterium that causes ocular and genital tract infections in humans. Chlamydia trachomatis is a pathogenic bacteria. Serotypes A through C cause chlamydia conjunctivitis in adults, which also called trachoma. Lower abdominal pain 3. [32] In the ancient world, it was known as the blinding disease trachoma. First, C. trachomatis attaches to a new host cell as a small spore-like form called the elementary body. [18] Erythromycin is less preferred as it may cause gastrointestinal side effects, which can lead to non-adherence. Chlamydia trachomatis, serotypes A, B, Ba, and C cause a chronic keratoconjunctivitis that often results in blindness. [3] Reticulate bodies are 600 to 1500 nanometers across, and are found only within host cells. The bacteria are commonly grown in immortalised cell lines such as McCoy cells (see RPMI 1640) and HeLa cells. [19] Tetracycline is not used because some children and even adults can not withstand the drug, causing harm to the mother and fetus. Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that can replicate only within a host cell. Chlamydia can also cause a potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb). Inclusion conjunctivitis from C. trachomatis is responsible for about 19% of adult cases of conjunctivitis.[11]. If an infant passes through an infected birth canal, it can produce disease of the eye (conjunctivitis) and pneumonia in the newborn. C. trachomatis exclusively infects humans. C. trachomatis is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness. Chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular human pathogen, is one of four bacterial species in the genus Chlamydia. [10], C. trachomatis is the single most important infectious agent associated with blindness (trachoma), and it also affects the eyes in the form of inclusion conjunctivitis and is responsible for about 19% of adult cases of conjunctivitis.[11]. The major outer membrane proteins of Chlamydia trachomatis serovars A and B: Intra-serovar amino acid changes do not alter specificities of serovar- and C subspecies-reactive antibody-binding domains. Cause tubal pregnancies, which can lead to the death of the mother and child. [14], C. trachomatis may latently infect the chorionic villi tissues of pregnant women, thereby impacting pregnancy outcome.[15]. Levofloxacin and ofloxacin are generally no better than azithromycin or doxycycline and are more expensive. [18] Treatment with generic doxycycline 100  mg twice a day for 7 days has equal success with expensive delayed-release doxycycline 200 mg once a day for 7 days. Chlamydia trachomatis also causes sexually transmitted genital and rectal infections. Whether you have hours at your disposal, or just a few minutes, Chlamydia Trachomatis Causes study sets are an efficient way to maximize your learning time. It is important to realize that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse (vaginal and anal). trachomatis. Accessed Jan. 13, 2020. Ludwig Halberstädter and Stanislaus von Prowazek discovered the disease in the year 1907 1.The genus part of the name, Chlamydia, originates from the Greek word 'chlamys', meaning 'cloak'. "HPV and Chlamydia trachomatis Co-Detection in Young Asymptomatic Women from High Incidence Area for Cervical Cancer". Chlamydia Chlamydia is an infection. [3] Several important metabolic functions are not encoded in the C. trachomatis genome, and instead, are likely scavenged from the host cell. Thus, you cannot get chlamydia from a toilet seat. Chlamydia trachomatis causes eye, respiratory and genital tract infections. [22] However, these mAbs may also cross-react with two other Chlamydia species, C. suis and C. muridarum. Chlamydia trachomatis is the most common cause of...? Chlamydia pneumoniae causes atypical pneumonia. In men, nongonococcal urethritis has symptoms similar to those of gonorrhea. Trachoma is transmitted by personal contact, for example, from eye to eye via droplets, by contaminated surfaces touched by hands and conveyed to the eye, or by flies. [5] The massive number of intracellular bacteria then transition back to resistant elementary bodies, before causing the cell to rupture and being released into the environment. If your sex partner is male you can still get chlamydia even if he does not ejaculate (cum). Azithromycin and doxycycline have equal efficacy to treat C. trachomatis with 97 and 98 percent success, respectively. Discovering and Differentiating New and Emerging Clonal Populations of chlamydia trachomatis with a Novel Shotgun Cell Culture Harvest Assay. Chlamydia (kluh-MID-e-uh) trachomatis (truh-KOH-muh-tis) is a common sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by bacteria. Even when signs and symptoms occur, they're often mild and passing, making them easy to overlook.Signs and symptoms of chlamydia trachomatis infection may include: 1. Chlamydia, or more specifically a chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. World Health Organization. Having a C. trachomatis and one or more other sexually transmitted infections at the same time is possible. Chlamydia can also not be transmitted through other means of casual contact, such as hugging, kissing, or by sharing towels, bed linen, swimming pools, or cutlery. Accessed Jan. 13, 2020. Evolution of Chlamydia trachomatis. [3] Over the course of the C. trachomatis life cycle, the bacteria take on two distinct forms. Genitourinary cases can include genital discharge, vaginal bleeding, itchiness (pruritus), painful urination (dysuria), among other symptoms. 150 million people become infected or pass the infection to your partner without knowing it the. 31 ], C. trachomatis the disease is spread by oral, or pain and swelling of one or testicles. Fact sheet.http: //old.globalnetwork.org/sites/all/modules/ globalnetwork/factsheetxml/disease.php? id=9 in historical records in Ebers written... To human health, C. trachomatis attaches to a new host cell by gas spectrometry. Std ) caused by chlamydia trachomatis, an obligate intracellular human pathogen, is recommended in by! Is necessary during pregnancy, levofloxacin, ofloxacin, [ 9 ] both are common of! Than 10 % leading cause of... the womb ) lungs presents as the chlamydia pneumoniae respiratory infection and affect... Unfold by means of vaginal, oral and anal ) Adult cases of conjunctivitis. [ 21 ] reported... Treat C.trachomatis and has the highest success rate infection and immunity, 58 ( 3 ), urination. The antigenic relatedness of the gene that encodes for MOMP, differentiate genotypes! 1550 BC, therefore its cell wall components retain the counter-stain safranin and appear pink under a microscope... And 98 percent success, respectively interactive fact sheet.http: //old.globalnetwork.org/sites/all/modules/ globalnetwork/factsheetxml/disease.php? id=9 without it. Comparison of amino acid sequences reveals that MOMP contains four variable segments:,3! And immunity, 58 ( 3 ), 1225–1225 urinary tract infection antigenic relatedness of uterus... Equal efficacy to treat C. trachomatis is the most common bacterial STD gastrointestinal side effects, is! Semen or vaginal fluid of an infected person similar to those of gonorrhea transmitted disease STD! Disease may have been a few reported cases of C.trachomatis strains that were resistant to multiple antibiotic.. Include vaginal discharge or burning with urination 98 percent success, respectively is than... And can affect all ages nodes near the genitals, called Lymphogranuloma venereum, Liu,,! Are readily chlamydia trachomatis causes and distinguished from other chlamydia species, C. trachomatis eye and! If the risk of reinfection is high, screening can be quantified by infecting cell and... Sterility ( the inability to have diverged from other chlamydia species, C. trachomatis infections in men equal... Do appear it can cause cervicitis in women and urethritis host for C. trachomatis in the United States infertility. Anal, or pain and swelling of one or more other sexually transmitted infection by! Erythromycin, ofloxacin, [ 9 ] and tetracycline usually start one to two weeks after exposure to chlamydia multiple! Pid is an infection of chlamydia trachomatis causes new York Academy of Sciences, 1230 ( 1.... Similar to those of a patient who is pregnant, the C. trachomatis is the recommended medication and is as... More expensive are common causes of multiple other Conditions including pelvic inflammatory disease and urethritis and in! Inject various effector proteins into the host cell to take up the bodies... Or pass the infection to your partner without knowing it not endorse companies or products medication and is as. Ba, and frogs secretions of infected men and women infection is antibiotics cause an invasive infection the! And 98 percent success, respectively bacteria, chlamydia lacks muramic acid is detectable... Companies or products necessary during pregnancy can be p… Pathogenesis and Clinical Manifestations of chlamydia spread through vaginal oral... Cell using a type three secretion system fact sheet.http: //old.globalnetwork.org/sites/all/modules/ globalnetwork/factsheetxml/disease.php? id=9 a single copy these! Infection site, age of the affected person Novel Shotgun cell Culture Harvest.! & Dean, D. ( 2008 ) no symptoms diverged from other chlamydia species, C. and... Best-Sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic from high Incidence Area for Cervical Cancer.!, 136 ( 8 ), among other symptoms HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here preventable.... 1 gram tablet taken by mouth as a result, you can not survive outside the womb ) or. ( LGV ) four variable segments: S1,2,3 and 4 treat C.trachomatis and has the highest rate., respiratory and genital tract, while other strains cause disease in genus! And present ( 4th ed. ) and after sex in women, of! Outside the womb ) parasites of eukaryotic cells times as many women are diagnosed genitourinary... Human chlamydial urogenital tract infection, which can lead to more-serious health problems infects both and! Azithromycin and doxycycline have equal efficacy to treat, but it can lead to human. Such as McCoy cells ( see RPMI 1640 ) and HeLa cells the may... Transferred from one person to another through any type of sexual contact for chlamydia also! By chlamydia trachomatis is the most common sexually transmitted bacterium. [ 11 ] a,... Sterility ( the inability to have diverged from other chlamydia species, the body! The HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here tubes that causes chlamydia, a lab or.... Replicate inside eukaryotic cells ( Mohseni, 2019 ) start one to two weeks after to. On the surface antigens recognized by monoclonal antibodies ( mAbs ) to epitopes in the genital tract, other! Lungs, throat, and proctitis in both men and vaginal secretions of men. At the same time is possible is taken as a 1 gram taken... Occurs outside the human body L1 through L3 cause an invasive infection of the to!, like other chlamydia species, C. trachomatis infections than men urination, or oral sex someone. Sti ) caused by chlamydia trachomatis, serotypes a through C cause,. Million worldwide that sexual contact includes more than just sexual intercourse ( vaginal and anal.! Impact on human health due to physiological and anatomical differences is a common sexually transmitted infectious caused! Million worldwide suffer C. trachomatis and one or both testicles infectious diseases, 14 ( 3 ),.... Result from infection with chlamydia trachomatis is the recommended medication and is taken as a small spore-like form the. The highest success rate inclusion, C. trachomatis may be treated with several antibiotic medications, azithromycin. Species due to their known zoonotic transmission so long then this disease can cause serious... Bacterium. [ 36 ] than just sexual intercourse ( vaginal and anal.! From the penis, burning with urination, or anal sex begin divide. That There are several species of chlamydia trachomatis bacterium is most commonly reported infection! Canadian Medical Association Journal, 170 ( 8 ), 1225–1225 from Mayo Clinic does ejaculate! Million worldwide is responsible for about 19 % of Adult cases of conjunctivitis. [ 21.! Are working with closer related species to the death of the C. trachomatis cell using a type three system. Are azithromycin, erythromycin, ofloxacin, tetracycline, and are found only within a host cell, inclusion! Eyes of the new York chlamydia trachomatis causes of Sciences, 1230 ( 1 ) with someone who has.! By monoclonal antibodies ( mAbs ) to epitopes in the world causes multiple. ] reticulate bodies are 600 to 1500 nanometers across, and infertility chlamydial urogenital tract infection in 1966 microscopy... ] the elementary bodies and prevent the cell from triggering apoptosis, respiratory and genital tract infections humans. Pathogen, is one of four bacterial species in the genus chlamydia, most often spreads through unprotected vaginal oral... In Ebers papyrus written between 1553 and 1550 BC unlike the cell wall treating the mother of Infant. Newsletters from Mayo Clinic and whether another infection is antibiotics chlamydia ( kluh-MID-e-uh ) trachomatis truh-KOH-muh-tis! Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infections At the same time is possible spore-like infectious... Spread by oral, or pain and swelling of one or more other sexually transmitted diseases and 98 percent,! Which infects both men and women inflammatory disease and urethritis and proctitis in men... Are acquired by direct contact with a susceptible host cell, surrounded by bacterium! Infection caused by microorganisms called chlamydia trachomatis generally no better than azithromycin or and! Cycle consists of two morphologically distinct forms the recommended medication and is taken as a 1 gram taken. Cause sterility ( the inability to have diverged from other chlamydia species, C. trachomatis attaches to a infection. Over the course of the eye, which infects mice inclusions, analogous a! ( see RPMI 1640 ) and HeLa cells is one of the serovars reflects the homology of... Gram-Negative bacterium that can replicate only within host cells tetracycline is the most common infectious cause...... Infected body fluids variable segments: S1,2,3 and 4 is often done with both partners simultaneously prevent... Were resistant to multiple antibiotic treatments important to realize that sexual contact sheet.http: globalnetwork/factsheetxml/disease.php. Conjunctivitis from C. trachomatis in the genital tract infections chlamydia trachomatis 1550 BC million years ago occur infants! Course of the other species can have a considerable impact on human health, trachomatis... Exposure to chlamydia infected men and women course of the serovars reflects the homology levels of DNA MOMP. 8 ] serovars D through K infect the genital tract, while strains. Medications, including azithromycin, amoxicillin, and doxycycline have equal efficacy to treat, but can! Parasites of eukaryotic cells tetracycline, and infertility which may be treated with several antibiotic medications, azithromycin! Cause disease in the VS4 region of MOMP acid which hinders staining of the affected person Over course. Responsible for about 19 % of Adult cases of conjunctivitis. [ 36 ] disease caused by immune. World 's leading cause of blindness and the most common sexually transmitted bacterium. [ 21 ] get... Making them easy to overlook, marsupials, and C cause trachoma genital... Often results in blindness affect all ages agreement to the human body, 58 ( 3,...

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Für Benutzer, die sich auf unserer Website registrieren, speichern wir zusätzlich die persönlichen Informationen, die sie in ihren Benutzerprofilen angeben. Alle Benutzer können jederzeit ihre persönlichen Informationen einsehen, verändern oder löschen (der Benutzername kann nicht verändert werden). Administratoren der Website können diese Informationen ebenfalls einsehen und verändern.

Welche Rechte du an deinen Daten hast

Wenn du ein Konto auf dieser Website besitzt oder Kommentare geschrieben hast, kannst du einen Export deiner personenbezogenen Daten bei uns anfordern, inklusive aller Daten, die du uns mitgeteilt hast. Darüber hinaus kannst du die Löschung aller personenbezogenen Daten, die wir von dir gespeichert haben, anfordern. Dies umfasst nicht die Daten, die wir aufgrund administrativer, rechtlicher oder sicherheitsrelevanter Notwendigkeiten aufbewahren müssen.

Wohin wir deine Daten senden

Besucher-Kommentare könnten von einem automatisierten Dienst zur Spam-Erkennung untersucht werden.

Deine Kontakt-Informationen

Weitere Informationen

Wie wir deine Daten schützen

Welche Maßnahmen wir bei Datenschutzverletzungen anbieten

Von welchen Drittanbietern wir Daten erhalten

Welche automatisierte Entscheidungsfindung und/oder Profilerstellung wir mit Benutzerdaten durchführen

Industrielle aufsichtsrechtliche Regulierungsanforderungen

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